'''''' () is a proper Indian name. Several important ancient Sanskrit works are ascribed to one or more authors of this name, and a great deal of scholarship has been devoted over the last century or so to the issue of disambiguation.
[ lists ten separate authors by the name of "Patañjali."]
Amongst the more important authors called Patañjali are:
[Jonardon Ganeri, ''Artha: Meaning'', Oxford University Press 2006, 1.2, p. 12] [S. Radhakrishnan, and C.A. Moore, (1957). ''A Source Book in Indian Philosophy''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University, ch. XIII, Yoga, p. 453] [Gavin A. Flood, 1996.]
* The author of the ''Mahābhāṣya
'', an ancient treatise on Sanskrit grammar
and linguistics, based on the ''Pāṇini#Ashtadhyayi|Aṣṭādhyāyī
'' of Pāṇini
. This Patañjali's life is dated to mid 2nd century BCE by both Western and Indian scholars.